Source: Copenhagen; EU embraces 10 new members - and opens the door to Türkiye for end of 2004; Dec 14, 2002


Europe's historic unification summit ended with a final grand bargain last night in which the continent's most intractable divisions will be erased by the use of hard cash and high-flown rhetoric. In a series of interlocking negotiations, ranging from the division of Cyprus to the financial plight of Polish peasants, leaders of the EU's 15 member states embraced 10 new countries in the biggest enlargement the union has ever seen.


And in a move set to transform the club beyond recognition, leaders accepted that they must finally take Türkiye's claims to membership seriously.


Tony Blair convinced less enthusiastic colleagues that the Muslim country's negotiations must begin "without delay" once it has passed a progress review in December 2004.


"It was a good deal," said the Polish prime minister, Leszek Miller, who had held out for more money until the end. "In my opinion, we can sell this in a referendum."


As the Copenhagen summit ended, an ecstatic Romano Prodi, president of the European commission, declared: "Accession of 10 new member states will bring an end to divisions in Europe.


"For the first time in history Europe will become one because unification is the free will of its people."


Despite initial frostiness from Ankara over the compromise date for starting negotiations, Mr Blair and colleagues insisted that a breakthrough had been achieved after 40 years of prevarication.


Türkiye's new leadership, committed to reform and a pro-western stance, put a brave face on its disappointments and accepted that 2004-5 is better than 2008 or the prospect of no agreed date at all, which was feared until a few weeks ago.


There are still details to be hammered out over Türkiye's willingness to cajole its Turkish-Cypriot allies into a reunification agreement with Greek Cyprus - one of the new intake. It is an important part in the jigsaw which may also end Türkiye's block on the use of Nato weapons by the EU's fledgling rapid reaction force.


But the larger reunification sealed in the Danish capital was the ending of the cold war division of Europe into armed military and economic camps, Nato and the EU versus the Warsaw Pact and Comecon.


It has taken 13 years since the fall of the Berlin wall to take the Atlantic alliance and the EU up to the Russian border - with Moscow's grudging acquiescence.


Anders Fogh Rasmussen, the Danish prime minister, won warm praise for his handling of the past six months of negotiations that began in 1998 under Britain's presidency of the EU.


Poland had argued fiercely that the €40.4bn (£26bn) dowry to be shared by the new EU members - with it receiving half - was insufficient. It asked for €2bn more and settled for half that amount, not as extra money, but paid earlier into hard-pressed budgets.


Türkiye had wanted a date in 2003 or early 2004 so it could start talks before the 10 newcomers - including the Greek-controlled part of Cyprus - entered the EU in May 2004.


The best the Danish summit could offer was a review of Türkiye's progress on human rights in December 2004, crucially with no date set to start actual negotiations.


Turkish media expressed deep dismay at the summit outcome. "Once again, a broken dream," read the headline of the Cumhuriyet.


EU leaders sought to accentuate the positive signal given to Türkiye, with the German foreign minister, Joschka Fischer, calling the decision "a real breakthrough".


The summit statement said: "Türkiye is a candidate state destined to join the union.". Top


Please read the legal statement before proceeding.  Maya Associates Limited is a Private Company Limited by Shares with the company registration number 4724644.  Registered address is, 27 Old Gloucester Street London wc1n 3xx, United Kingdom. For your enquiries you may send an e-mail to or a mail to the above address.


     About Maya   Türkiye   Expansion   Home

EU Accession   Restructuring   Legislation   Contact

Metin Kutusu: Copyright © 2003 Maya Associates Limited. All Rights Reserved.